Apr 15

## How to convert a hex string to a byte array?

The BigDecimal class makes this really easy as it has a method toByteArray() that returns exactly what we need. Just need to create a BigDecimal and call the method.

```   byte[] bytes = new BigInteger(hexString, 16).toByteArray();
```

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Feb 24

## How can I round a value up to nearest half?

Standard rounding provided by BigDecimal and DecimalFormat rounds to the nearest 0 or 1. If you instead want to round to 0, 1 or 0.5 then you need to do a little work

For example to round up to 4 decimal places to the nearest 0, 1, or .5 you could use the following code.

```BigDecimal bd = new BigDecimal((d * 2.0) + 0.0005)
.setScale(3, BigDecimal.ROUND_HALF_UP);
bd = new BigDecimal(bd.doubleValue()/2.0)
.setScale(4, BigDecimal.ROUND_HALF_UP);
String rounded = bd.toString();
```

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Feb 23

## Rounding strategy used by DecimalFormat?

Decimal format uses BigDecimal.ROUND_HALF_EVEN and prior to 1.6 this cannot be changed.
In 1.6 a setRoundingMethod() was added to allow the rounding strategy to be changed.

```DecimalFormat df = NumberFormat.getNumberInstance();
df.setRoundingMode(1, RoundingMode.HALF_UP);
String formatted = df.format(12.345);
```

If you need an alternate rounding strategy prior to 1.6 then you need to use BigDecimal to do your formatting.

```double d = 123.45;
BigDecimal bd = new BigDecimal(d);
bd.setScale(1, BigDecimal.ROUND_HALF_UP);
String formatted = bd.toString();
```

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