Oct 15

You need to add the public key of the server you are connecting to to the keystore being by your application.

You can use the application InstallCert found in the question “How do I programatically extract a certificate from a site and add it to my keystore?” to extract the public key from the server and store it in your keystore.

written by objects \\ tags: , , ,

Oct 15

You can specify the keystore location wusing the javax.net.ssl.keyStore system property

java -Djavax.net.ssl.keyStore=<path to keystore file> -Djavax.net.ssl.keyStorePassword=<keystore password> au.com.objects.MyServer

written by objects \\ tags: , ,

Oct 13

Often you need to import a certificate into your Java keystore from an external server. To do this you need to pull the certificate file from the site then run keytool to import it into your keystore.

As an alternative try the following code from Sun. Just tell it the host to get the certificate from and your keystore password and the rest is looked after for you.


/*
 * Copyright 2006 Sun Microsystems, Inc.  All Rights Reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 *   - Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 *   - Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *     documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 *   - Neither the name of Sun Microsystems nor the names of its
 *     contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
 *     from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS
 * IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
 * THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR
 * CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL,
 * EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
 * PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR
 * PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
 * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
 * NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
 * SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

import java.io.*;
import java.net.URL;

import java.security.*;
import java.security.cert.*;

import javax.net.ssl.*;

public class InstallCert {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
  String host;
  int port;
  char[] passphrase;
  if ((args.length == 1) || (args.length == 2)) {
      String[] c = args[0].split(":");
      host = c[0];
      port = (c.length == 1) ? 443 : Integer.parseInt(c[1]);
      String p = (args.length == 1) ? "changeit" : args[1];
      passphrase = p.toCharArray();
  } else {
      System.out.println("Usage: java InstallCert <host>[:port] [passphrase]");
      return;
  }

  File file = new File("jssecacerts");
  if (file.isFile() == false) {
      char SEP = File.separatorChar;
      File dir = new File(System.getProperty("java.home") + SEP
        + "lib" + SEP + "security");
      file = new File(dir, "jssecacerts");
      if (file.isFile() == false) {
    file = new File(dir, "cacerts");
      }
  }
  System.out.println("Loading KeyStore " + file + "...");
  InputStream in = new FileInputStream(file);
  KeyStore ks = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType());
  ks.load(in, passphrase);
  in.close();

  SSLContext context = SSLContext.getInstance("TLS");
  TrustManagerFactory tmf =
      TrustManagerFactory.getInstance(TrustManagerFactory.getDefaultAlgorithm());
  tmf.init(ks);
  X509TrustManager defaultTrustManager = (X509TrustManager)tmf.getTrustManagers()[0];
  SavingTrustManager tm = new SavingTrustManager(defaultTrustManager);
  context.init(null, new TrustManager[] {tm}, null);
  SSLSocketFactory factory = context.getSocketFactory();

  System.out.println("Opening connection to " + host + ":" + port + "...");
  SSLSocket socket = (SSLSocket)factory.createSocket(host, port);
  socket.setSoTimeout(10000);
  try {
      System.out.println("Starting SSL handshake...");
      socket.startHandshake();
      socket.close();
      System.out.println();
      System.out.println("No errors, certificate is already trusted");
  } catch (SSLException e) {
      System.out.println();
      e.printStackTrace(System.out);
  }

  X509Certificate[] chain = tm.chain;
  if (chain == null) {
      System.out.println("Could not obtain server certificate chain");
      return;
  }

  BufferedReader reader =
    new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));

  System.out.println();
  System.out.println("Server sent " + chain.length + " certificate(s):");
  System.out.println();
  MessageDigest sha1 = MessageDigest.getInstance("SHA1");
  MessageDigest md5 = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
  for (int i = 0; i < chain.length; i++) {
      X509Certificate cert = chain[i];
      System.out.println
        (" " + (i + 1) + " Subject " + cert.getSubjectDN());
      System.out.println("   Issuer  " + cert.getIssuerDN());
      sha1.update(cert.getEncoded());
      System.out.println("   sha1    " + toHexString(sha1.digest()));
      md5.update(cert.getEncoded());
      System.out.println("   md5     " + toHexString(md5.digest()));
      System.out.println();
  }

  System.out.println("Enter certificate to add to trusted keystore or 'q' to quit: [1]");
  String line = reader.readLine().trim();
  int k;
  try {
      k = (line.length() == 0) ? 0 : Integer.parseInt(line) - 1;
  } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
      System.out.println("KeyStore not changed");
      return;
  }

  X509Certificate cert = chain[k];
  String alias = host + "-" + (k + 1);
  ks.setCertificateEntry(alias, cert);

  OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream("jssecacerts");
  ks.store(out, passphrase);
  out.close();

  System.out.println();
  System.out.println(cert);
  System.out.println();
  System.out.println
    ("Added certificate to keystore 'jssecacerts' using alias '"
    + alias + "'");
    }

    private static final char[] HEXDIGITS = "0123456789abcdef".toCharArray();

    private static String toHexString(byte[] bytes) {
  StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(bytes.length * 3);
  for (int b : bytes) {
      b &= 0xff;
      sb.append(HEXDIGITS[b >> 4]);
      sb.append(HEXDIGITS[b & 15]);
      sb.append(' ');
  }
  return sb.toString();
    }

    private static class SavingTrustManager implements X509TrustManager {

  private final X509TrustManager tm;
  private X509Certificate[] chain;

  SavingTrustManager(X509TrustManager tm) {
      this.tm = tm;
  }

  public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
      throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
  }

  public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType)
    throws CertificateException {
      throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
  }

  public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType)
    throws CertificateException {
      this.chain = chain;
      tm.checkServerTrusted(chain, authType);
  }
    }

} 

written by objects \\ tags: , , ,